Some folks call ’em crayfish, crawdads, or mudbugs, but in Texas, they are simply CRAWFISH, whether they are swamp crawfish, spillway crawfish, or pond crawfish.
Crawfish are healthy food. They are an excellent source of high-quality protein, low in calories, fat and saturated fat, and a good source of vitamins. If you live the south chances are that you’ve been invited to a crawfish boil and eaten some delicious mudbugs.
Red swamp crawfish and white river crawfish are the two most commonly cultured species in the country and they are typically found in and are grown in the same ponds. Both species are successful in commercial, low-energy-input, extensive aquaculture systems because they are hardy and adaptable creatures whose life cycles can be easily manipulated to fit culture practices.
Together, the two species make up over 90% of the total crawfish cultured in the US, with red swamp crawfish, the more desirable product, typically comprising 70-80% of the total catch.